February 16, 2019

Health Problems, Global Warming Linked, Per Study

13 October 2018, 10:38 | Randall Craig

Health Problems, Global Warming Linked, Per Study

Study gives depressing look at how climate change puts Americans’ mental health at risk

Hot and humid climates provide a ideal breeding ground for critters, and experts say that a warming world might put us at greater risk for vector-borne diseases, which are those transmitted by ticks, mosquitoes or other organisms.In a 2017 report, the Medical Society Consortium on Climate and Health warned that "mosquitoes that carry diseases like West Nile virus and dengue fever thrive in conditions that are becoming more common, and there is concern that malaria could reemerge in the United States". However, more is at stake than we initially imagined.

Some people were more vulnerable than others, the researchers found. However, researchers looked only at the correlation between temperatures and diabetes, so the study didn't establish that temperatures necessarily caused the disease.Still, researchers found that diabetes rates increased by about 4 percent for every 1 degree Celsius of warming in the United States. Combining the responses with meteorological data, researchers found that an average maximum temperature greater than 30 degrees Celsius can increase the probability of mental health issues by 1 percent.

He said: "Poor mental health during adolescence has an impact on educational achievement and increases the risk of alcohol and substance use and violent behaviour". In months when it rained for over 25 days, there was a rise in mental health problems by 2 percent, they noted when compared to months when there was no precipitation.

While all three factors were significantly associated with worse mental health, there was a clear hierarchy among them - hurricanes were the worst, followed by long-term warming and short-term temperature changes.

Worldwide, it is estimated that one in five adolescents experience mental health challenges, though most remain under-diagnosed and untreated.

The global health organisation said this in a report: "Coming of age: Adolescent health" to mark the World Mental Health Day commemorated on Wednesday. "Warming over time associates with worsened mental health over time", Obradovich told CNN. "There are many other place-specific factors that may moderate the effect".

As such, he and his colleagues concluded additional research is necessary. "Heavy downpours and flooding can spread fecal bacteria and viruses into fields where food is growing", said a report from the Medical Society Consortium on Climate and Health."Warmer ocean water also makes a difference", Sarfaty said. Both people with low income and women were 60 percent more likely to have emotions tied to weather than those with a higher income and men, respectively, according to the study's findings. Patz and his co-authors found that high temperatures impacted admissions for self-harm, including attempted suicide. He says that before their study, there was no particular discussion of the impact of climate changes on the mental health.

He also said the study may underestimate the negative effects linked to changing climate, and there might be "stress and despair" occurring "as governments and industry fail to react at the pace recommended by multiple scientific assessments".

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