profishingrods.com
profishingrods.com April 26, 2019


There's A Huge Cavity Under Antarctica's Most Endangered Glacier

01 February 2019, 08:12 | Dale Webster

A massive cavity two-thirds the size of Manhattan is shown in

A massive cavity two-thirds the size of Manhattan is shown in

The Thwaites Glacier, the largest outflow channel of the vulnerable West Antarctic Ice Sheet, now has a huge subterranean hole.

According to NASA, the cavity once contained some 14 billion tons of ice, most of which has supposedly melted in last three years. The glacier itself is about as big as the state of Florida, and, if melted completely, could raise sea levels by some 2 feet globally, the scientists say.

Changes in surface height at Thwaites Glacier's grounding line.

NASA researchers say the mysterious cavity is growing at an "explosive" rate.

"We have suspected for years that Thwaites was not tightly attached to the bedrock beneath it", co-author Eric Rignot of the University of California, Irvine, and NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, said in a press release.

Scientists spotted the concealed void thanks to a new generation of satellites, Rignot noted.

The cavity, reported in the Science Advances journal, was revealed by ice-penetrating radar in NASA's Operation IceBridge - an airborne campaign beginning in 2010 that studies connections between the polar regions and the global climate. Researchers combined the NASA data with data from Italian and German spaceborne synthetic aperture radars.




Lead author Pietro Milillo of JPL says the size of the cavity under the glacier "plays an important role in melting". The common thread among them is the infiltration of relatively warm ocean water below the ice, thinning it and causing the glaciers to flow out to sea faster.

The cavity can be seen in the center of the GIF in deep red.

The scientists have calculated that the melting glacier has already contributed to about 4 percent of the total global sea level rise. This summer, the U.S. National Science Foundation and the British Natural Environmental Research Council are launching the International Thwaites Glacier Collaboration, a five-year field project that aims to get to the bottom of the glacier's processes and features.

"We are discovering different mechanisms of retreat", Millilo said.

The glacier is retreating in the face of the warming ocean and is thought to be unstable because its interior lies more than two kilometres below sea level while, at the coast, the bottom of the glacier is quite shallow. The glacier has retreated at a steady rate of about 0.4 to 0.5 miles (0.6 to 0.8 km) annually since 1992, the researchers found. Despite this stable rate of grounding-line retreat, the melt rate on this side of the glacier is extremely high. The disappearance of the ice mass would cause sea levels to rise by about two feet as well as making surrounding glaciers more likely to melt rapidly-which could cause an eight foot rise.

Researchers hope the new findings will help others preparing for fieldwork in the area better understand the ice-ocean interactions.



Other News

Trending Now

Cardi B Is Back With Offset
Cardi quickly clapped back in a since-deleted tweet, writing, 'TMZ why ya be lying. "I haven't even been in Atl since Christmas". Back in October, Cardi was arrested and charged with assault and reckless endangerment after turning herself into NY police.

Russian senator leaves parliament in handcuffs amid accusations he ordered two murders
A video released by the Investigative Committee showed Arashukov, in handcuffs, being brought to its headquarters for questioning. She said that she told him that the rules gave him the right to comment about the matter but that he declined.

Racing stewards charge top Australian trainer Darren Weir with six offences
Weir is Australia's most successful trainer and prepared 2015 Melbourne Cup victor Prince of Penzance, ridden by Michelle Payne. As well as the four jiggers, police allegedly found an unregistered firearm and a small amount of suspected cocaine.

Senate leader wants USA troops to stay in Syria, Afghanistan
That measure, titled the "Combatting BDS Act", is opposed by rights groups and some Democrats who say it infringes on free speech. The moves received considerable blowback from his defense and foreign policy establishment, as well as many Republican lawmakers.

Liverpool vs. Man City: Which one will top the Premier League?
It was a bit all over the place and something we have to look at. "The pitch was horrendous, yeah", the centre-back told reporters.

Hamilton Humiliation Upsets Rohit Sharma, Blames Dismal Batting Show
Boult's five-fer and Colin de Grandhomme's tight spell (10-2-26-3) reduced seven Indian batsmen to a single-digit score. He had Rohit Sharma and Shubman Gill both caught and bowled, and trapped Shikhar Dhawan and Kedar Jadhav lbw.

Japan stun Iran in Asian Cup semis
The champions in 1992, 2000, 2004 and 2011 beat their Middle Eastern opponents 3-0 at the Hazza Bin Zayed Stadium in Al Ain. Iran missed forward Mehdi Taremi, who had scored three goals in this Asian Cup .

Germany, France and Britain to set up European transactions channel with Iran
The EU has already spent months preparing the system and it is unlikely to become operational for several more months. If the scheme works, it is likely to be most useful to small and medium-sized firms with no links in the US.

New Jersey senator Cory Booker running for president
Senate seats, Booker zoomed through a special election and won easily - with a donor list that included Ivanka Trump . Cedric Richmond, a Louisiana Democrat who's the most recent former chairman of the Congressional Black Caucus.

Anthony Davis picked as an All-Star reserve; Ben Simmons among first-timers
Regardless, Simmons thoroughly deserves to become an NBA All-Star . "I grew up dreaming of championships - not All-Star appearances", he said.